From the time humans realized naturally occurring petroleum had myriad uses, they organized means and methods to try and collect it and utilize it to its fullest potential. The history of petroleum exploration around the world is colorful and fascinating. Each country, and even regions within countries, has its own distinct path of discovery that influences it to this day.
Oil150, the official website of the 150th anniversary celebration of the oil industry.
Origins of the Petroleum Industry at pafko.com
History of the Oil Industry (US) at San Joaquin Geological Society
Petroleum Entry (History) at Wikipedia
Azerbaijan's Oil History at Azerbaijan International
Commercial Oil Production at Canada Key Economic Events
History of Oil (US) at Paleontological Research Institution
Striking Oil at Stories from Pennsylvania History